Parenting Articles

As a companion to our Toronto Parenting Classes, these articles from the Parent Education Network are written to help strengthen families.

What is Adlerian Psychology?


Parent Education Network is founded on the philosophy of Adlerian psychology whose approach to humanity places the virtues of equality, respect and democratic freedom as its guiding principles. This psychological theory stems back to the work of Dr. Alfred Adler (1927) who created the theory of personality called Individual Psychology. A student of Adler, Dr. Rudolf View Post

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The Components of Self-Esteem


Children’s self-esteem can fluctuate because may things can affect it. For tweens, this pyramid is a nice, neat way of looking at those components. Garber, Garber and Spizman’s Self-Esteem Pyramid Peer Influence Parental Feedback Real Accomplishments Unconditional Positive Regard   We show unconditional love and acceptance and build the foundation of our children’s self-worth when View Post

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Self-Esteem in Children


Self-Esteem is the collection of pictures children carry around about who they are and how they fit in. It’s formed early in life and is related to how and what parents communicate with their children, both through words and actions. Children form healthy self-esteem beliefs about themselves when they get the message that their parents View Post

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Sunnybrook helps Families Navigate Mental Health system

teen mental health

Sunnybrook’s Family Navigation Project: guiding families through the labyrinth of mental health services   Fran C. has become the face of the Sunnybrook Family Navigation project. Her story begins about five years ago when she discovered that her daughter Sarah was having serious problems with drug addiction – at one point she found her with View Post

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Stay Connected to your Teen/Tween


During these years, your children will spend less and less time with you. It’s more important now, more than ever, to connect in ways that really count. But for many of us, there are lots of things that get in the way of us spending time together with our teens/tweens. Our busy schedules, our teen’s View Post

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kids chores

“It’s a constant battle to get my child to do his chores. He always says he will, but then he doesn’t without constant reminders and hassles that usually end up in punishment. I feel like giving up and doing everything myself, but I know he needs to learn responsibility. Maybe he’s just too young.”   View Post

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“I’m Bored.”


“My child complains about being bored and expects me to drop everything to entertain him.” How do we respond to such a common statement? Often parents feel the need to fix every problem their children have, including boredom. Children spend many hours a day in front of screens (TV, computer, video games) and are used View Post

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Use Encouragement instead of Praise and Rewards

Encouraged Kids are Successful Kids

“Children need encouragement like a plant needs water” (Rudolph Dreikers, an Adlerian psychologist and author of Children: The Challenge) Encouragement lets kids know they are loved and are good enough, just the way they are. It teaches children that they are separate from their actions and behaviours. It lets them know they are valued without View Post

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Life with Teens

Life with Teens

When your Teen Hurts You; Coping with Put-Downs Be patient – Fluctuating moods and emotions are normal. Their anger flares abruptly, but about age 18 they have begun to integrate their parent’s values with their own value system. Avoid Pointless Battles – If your teen rolls his eyes at the Sunday dinner you spent hours View Post

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Raising Self-Reliant Children

Self-reliant kids

Sometimes, parents wonder why their children misbehave and what can be done about it. Most misbehaviour can be traced to a lack of development of perceptions and skills that are necessary for developing capable people. Most behaviour problems can be eliminated when parents and teachers learn more effective ways to help their children develop these View Post

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